Active vs Passive Voice Chart

By Matt Baker email   Updated 8 Jan 2013

In this passive voice chart, active voice is shown on the top in each cell and passive voice is shown on the bottom in italics.

Verb forms used: present root | present participle | past root | past participle

 

Past

Present

Future

Simple

He sang it.
He didn't sing it.

It was sung by him.
It wasn't sung by him.
He sings it.
He doesn't sing it.

It is sung by him.
It isn't sung by him.
He will sing it.
He won't sing it.

It will be sung by him.
It won't be sung by him.

Continuous

He was singing it.
He wasn't singing it.

It was being sung by him.
It wasn't being sung by him.
He is singing it.
He isn't singing it.

It is being sung by him.
It isn't being sung by him.
He will be singing it.
He won't be singing it.

It will be being sung by him.
It won't be being sung by him.

Perfect

He had sung it.
He hadn't sung it.

It had been sung by him.
It hadn't been sung by him.
He has sung it.
He hasn't sung it.

It has been sung by him.
It hasn't been sung by him.
He will have sung it.
He won't have sung it.

It will have been sung by him.
It won't have been sung by him.

Perfect Continuous

He had been singing it.
He hadn't been singing it.

It had been being sung by him.
It hadn't been being sung by him.
He has been singing it.
He hasn't been singing it.

It has been being sung by him.
It hasn't been being sung by him.
He will have been singing it.
He won't have been singing it.

It will have been being sung by him.
It won't have been being sung by him.

Generally speaking, the passive voice is not used with the verb "to be" (nor are the continuous tenses):

 

Past

Present

Future

Simple

He was happy.
He wasn't happy.
He is happy.
He isn't happy.
He will be happy.
He won't be happy.

Perfect

He had been happy.
He hadn't been happy.
He has been happy.
He hasn't been happy.
He will have been happy.
He won't have been happy.


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